LNG Production Facilitation

LNG Production And Storage Facilities

It is estimated that by 2020, gas will supply about 25% of the global energy demand and with the benefit of being a relatively clean fuel, this percentage will further increase. As many of the world gas reserves are geographically isolated from the market, LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) will play a major role in the efficient delivery of energy to the end user.

The production of LNG by conversion of natural gas to liquid is done in a series of processes that are commonly known as “gas trains”. During these processes the gas is cleaned and dried, liquefied by cooling to -160°C and stored in large LNG storage tanks ready for pumping to LNG Tankers.

Turning natural gas to liquid for export

LNG is natural gas in its liquid, rather than gaseous form. To export natural gas where pipelines don’t exist, natural gas is cooled to -162 degrees Celsius, liquefied and stored in insulated vessels at atmospheric pressure. At this temperature, gas turns into a liquid and its volume is reduced by 600 times – not unlike the volume of a beach ball reduced to the volume of a ping pong ball. In its liquid form, natural gas can be stored at atmospheric pressure and efficiently shipped via ocean-going LNG carriers to global markets. When the cargo arrives at port, LNG is warmed, which returns it to its gaseous state, so it can be shipped via pipeline to its final destination.

Natural gas is odorless, colorless, non-toxic and non-corrosive. In its liquid form, LNG is stored at standard pressure, which means it is non-explosive. In the case of a leak, LNG evaporates when mixed with air and if concentrations of natural gas are below five percent or above 15 percent, it is not flammable.

A safety record to be proud of

Transportation of LNG via ship has a long record of safe operation. In LNG’s 50-plus year shipping history, LNG ships have traveled more than 151 million miles without a major incident. LNG’s shipping safety record is due to continuous improvement in technology, safety equipment, comprehensive safety procedures, training, equipment maintenance and effective government regulation and oversight. According to the Center for Liquefied Natural Gas, over the history of LNG shipping, there have been no collisions, fires, explosions or hull failures resulting in a loss of containment for LNG ships in ports or at sea.

LNG is transported at normal atmospheric pressure, which means it is not held under pressure and as a result, is non-explosive.

Worldwide, there are close to 350 carriers that transport LNG, and total cargos equal more than 120 million metric tonnes of LNG.

Storing LNG

Company would receive natural gas that would be transported via pipeline to the facility. Once there, it would be cooled and liquefied for shipping via LNG carrier to overseas markets. At the LNG facility, LNG would be stored in insulated storage tanks until ready to be shipped.

LNG would be loaded onto LNG vessels via insulated pipes and once the LNG arrived at its destination, unloaded into storage tanks where the LNG would be warmed to a point it converts back to its gaseous state, and then shipped via pipeline to its intended destination.

Extra Petroleum is job is to introduce the most known company for any project of such production and facilitation.

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